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Posted by on Dec 4, 2013 in Blog | 0 comments

Avoid Gingivitis during Pregnancy


Gingivitis is a type of inflammation that affects the gum when too much plaque accumulates in the spaces between teeth and gums. The accumulation of this bacteria can result in bone loss, and it can eventually result in tooth loss and tooth decay. While over half of adults experience some form of gingivitis, it is especially common with pregnant women. It is estimated that between 60 and 70 percent of all women experience pregnancy gingivitis while they are expecting.


What is Pregnancy Gingivitis?

Pregnancy gingivitis is a condition that exaggerates the response of a woman’s body to dental plaque, and it is caused by an increase in her hormone levels. The extra plaque that she experiences can result to redness, tenderness, bleeding, soreness, and swelling of the gums. These changes can begin during the second month of pregnancy and may continue up until the mid-third trimester. Therefore, it is essential that pregnant women practice good oral care in order to reduce the number of bacteria in their mouths that can result in pregnancy gingivitis.


Avoiding Pregnancy Gingivitis

As previously noted, good oral hygiene is important for both pregnant and non-pregnant individuals, as it can prevent gingivitis. Other tips for maintaining good oral hygiene in order to prevent this disease include:

  • Avoid consuming sugary snacks, especially right before bed.
  • Consume a healthy and well-balanced diet.
  • Visit your dentist regularly, as long as it is safe for your baby to do so.
  • Floss your teeth at least once a day in order to avoid bacteria build up.
  • Rinse your mouth thoroughly after you finish brushing in order to ensure that bacteria found in difficult to reach places have been removed.
  • Use toothpaste that fights plaque so that you can protect your teeth from gingivitis and decay.
  • Go slowly and spend at least two minutes brushing during each teeth brushing session.
  • Ensure that you are brushing your teeth at least twice a day, preferably when you wake up in the morning and before you go to bed at night.


Maintaining good oral health during pregnancy is important in order to avoid the risk of developing gingivitis. It is also important for ensuring your long-term health. It’s important to note that necessary dental procedures can only be completed during the second trimester of pregnancy. Contact Dr. Matthews if you believe you are suffering from pregnancy gingivitis and continue with proper oral hygiene at home.

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